Indian Head (Buffalo) Nickels (1913-1938)

General Coin Information

The Indian Head Nickel was introduced by the US Mint in 1913 and was struck for circulating currency through 1938. While the official name "Indian Head Nickel" certainly describes the coin, most refer to it as the Buffalo Nickel.

Featured on the reverse of the coin is an image of an American Bison, known incorrectly by most as a Buffalo. When settlers first encountered these enormous creatures, they did not know what to call them and compared them to the water buffalo they were familiar with from other continents. Consequently, the name stuck and today Americans use the terms buffalo and bison interchangeably.

Designer James Earl Fraser supposedly used a bison known as 'Black Diamond" in the New York Park Central Zoo as his model for the coin, which originally had the animal on a mound. Premature wear of the denominational inscription of "Five Cents" forced an almost immediate design change to lower the profile of that mound.

Collectors will find that Indian Head Nickels are quite easy and for the most part affordable to collect. It was quite common for many of these coins to be found in pocket change well into the 1960's.

Obverse Design

The obverse of the Buffalo contains an image of a Native American Indian. It is said that the designer Fraser used three different models (all Indian Chiefs) to create the profile. The inscriptions "Liberty" and the date are also found on the obverse.

Reverse Design

Featured on the reverse of the Indian Head Nickel is an image of an American Bison (also known to many as a buffalo), thus giving the coin its nick-name of buffalo nickel. The inscriptions "United States of America," "Five Cents" and the mintmark (if present) are also shown on the reverse.

Indian Head Nickel Coin Specifications

   
   Mint: United States Mint
   Finish/Condition: Circulated
   Metal Content: 75% copper, 25% nickel
   Weight: 5 gms
   Diameter: 21.2mm
   Edge: plain
   Issue Date: 1913-1938
   Face Value: $.05
   Obverse Designer/Sculptor: James Earle Fraser
   Reverse Designer/Sculptor: James Earle Fraser

Featured Indian Head Nickel Auctions




1937 D 3 Leg Buffalo Nickel NGC XF45 Problem free
1937 D 3 Leg Buffalo Nickel NGC XF45 Problem free
$895.00
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lot of 4 buffalo Nickels 1915191619201924
lot of 4 buffalo Nickels 1915191619201924
$35.00
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1913 S 5C Type 2 Buffalo Nickel ANACS VG8
1913 S 5C Type 2 Buffalo Nickel ANACS VG8
$279.00
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1913 S 5C Type 2 Buffalo Nickel ANACS AG3 PLUS BONUS 1913 VF30
1913 S 5C Type 2 Buffalo Nickel ANACS AG3 PLUS BONUS 1913 VF30
$189.00
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1936 Buffalo Nickel
1936 Buffalo Nickel
$2.54
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1936 S BUFFALO INDIAN HEAD FIVE CENT NICKEL 2
1936 S BUFFALO INDIAN HEAD FIVE CENT NICKEL 2
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2 BUFFALO INDIAN HEAD FIVE CENT NICKEL Coins 1 1926 and 1 1920
2 BUFFALO INDIAN HEAD FIVE CENT NICKEL Coins 1 1926 and 1 1920
$5.99
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1915 Buffalo Nickel 5c  MAKE AN OFFER  Z656
1915 Buffalo Nickel 5c MAKE AN OFFER Z656
$32.30
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2005 ONE YEAR ONLY BUFFALO TONED NICKEL SET P  D
2005 ONE YEAR ONLY BUFFALO TONED NICKEL SET P D
$1.09
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1938D BUFFALO NICKEL FINE 1 2 HORN
1938D BUFFALO NICKEL FINE 1 2 HORN
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1918 D Old Buffalo Indian Nickel WW I era US Coin semi key date part horn
1918 D Old Buffalo Indian Nickel WW I era US Coin semi key date part horn
$28.00
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Higher Grade 1929 Buffalo Nickel  032813
Higher Grade 1929 Buffalo Nickel 032813
$4.00
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Indian Head Nickel Resources

World Mint Coins | Coin Specifications, Resources and Coin Images