Indian Head (Buffalo) Nickels (1913-1938)

General Coin Information

The Indian Head Nickel was introduced by the US Mint in 1913 and was struck for circulating currency through 1938. While the official name "Indian Head Nickel" certainly describes the coin, most refer to it as the Buffalo Nickel.

Featured on the reverse of the coin is an image of an American Bison, known incorrectly by most as a Buffalo. When settlers first encountered these enormous creatures, they did not know what to call them and compared them to the water buffalo they were familiar with from other continents. Consequently, the name stuck and today Americans use the terms buffalo and bison interchangeably.

Designer James Earl Fraser supposedly used a bison known as 'Black Diamond" in the New York Park Central Zoo as his model for the coin, which originally had the animal on a mound. Premature wear of the denominational inscription of "Five Cents" forced an almost immediate design change to lower the profile of that mound.

Collectors will find that Indian Head Nickels are quite easy and for the most part affordable to collect. It was quite common for many of these coins to be found in pocket change well into the 1960's.

Obverse Design

The obverse of the Buffalo contains an image of a Native American Indian. It is said that the designer Fraser used three different models (all Indian Chiefs) to create the profile. The inscriptions "Liberty" and the date are also found on the obverse.

Reverse Design

Featured on the reverse of the Indian Head Nickel is an image of an American Bison (also known to many as a buffalo), thus giving the coin its nick-name of buffalo nickel. The inscriptions "United States of America," "Five Cents" and the mintmark (if present) are also shown on the reverse.

Indian Head Nickel Coin Specifications

   
   Mint: United States Mint
   Finish/Condition: Circulated
   Metal Content: 75% copper, 25% nickel
   Weight: 5 gms
   Diameter: 21.2mm
   Edge: plain
   Issue Date: 1913-1938
   Face Value: $.05
   Obverse Designer/Sculptor: James Earle Fraser
   Reverse Designer/Sculptor: James Earle Fraser

Featured Indian Head Nickel Auctions




1918 D Buffalo Nickel Very Good
1918 D Buffalo Nickel Very Good
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1936 D BUFFALO NICKEL UNITED STATES COIN
1936 D BUFFALO NICKEL UNITED STATES COIN
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1930 BUFFALO NICKEL UNITED STATES COIN
1930 BUFFALO NICKEL UNITED STATES COIN
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1935 BUFFALO NICKEL UNITED STATES COIN
1935 BUFFALO NICKEL UNITED STATES COIN
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1938D D BUFFALO NICKEL VERY FINE 80 HORN
1938D D BUFFALO NICKEL VERY FINE 80 HORN
$11.00
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1919 Buffalo Indian Head Nickel Toning
1919 Buffalo Indian Head Nickel Toning
$0.99 (1 Bid)
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1919 BUFFALO NICKEL US Mint Philadelphia 5C Cent GEM BU 270
1919 BUFFALO NICKEL US Mint Philadelphia 5C Cent GEM BU 270
$145.00
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BEAUTIFUL BU MS 1913 D Type 1 BUFFALO NICKEL MOUND Var I Mintage 53 mill EC02NJ
BEAUTIFUL BU MS 1913 D Type 1 BUFFALO NICKEL MOUND Var I Mintage 53 mill EC02NJ
$99.95
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1916 USA Buffalo Nickel U N C
1916 USA Buffalo Nickel U N C
$32.52 (14 Bids)
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1938 D S BUFFALO NICKEL BU NGC MS66 FS 512 BEAUTIFULLY COLORED GOLDEN TONING
1938 D S BUFFALO NICKEL BU NGC MS66 FS 512 BEAUTIFULLY COLORED GOLDEN TONING
$375.00
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1938 D S BUFFALO NICKEL BU FS 512 CONECA OMM 002 PRETTY COIN
1938 D S BUFFALO NICKEL BU FS 512 CONECA OMM 002 PRETTY COIN
$159.95
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1919 S Buffalo Nickel F Key Date Original Goldmine
1919 S Buffalo Nickel F Key Date Original Goldmine
$32.00
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Indian Head Nickel Resources

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